Healthy nails are smooth and consistent in colour. Your fingernails and toenails protect the tissue layer underneath them. The skin and hair contain the protein keratin, which is hard and keeps them healthy. This hard keratin protein is also present in nails.
The condition of your nails may indicate your general health. Soft and uniform-coloured nails are typically a sign of healthy nails. Changes in growth rate and nail discolouration can be indicators of diabetes, anaemia, and heart, kidney, and liver problems. The normal ridges and white dots on the nails are non-harmful.
If any changes in the nails appear, it’s time to visit a dermatologist. First, let us read about some nail diseases a dermatologist can treat. Furthermore, you can book a doctor online for a consultation with a dermatologist in Noida.
Types of Nail Disease Treated by a Dermatologist in Noida
Let’s read about some of the nail diseases treated by dermatologists.
It is a bacteria infection where the bacteria enter from the broken skin near the cuticle or nail fold and cause inflammation. You may notice swelling, pain, redness, tenderness, and warmness around the nail. Furthermore, pus can build up under the skin. To treat the nail infection, antibiotics will be prescribed. However, if a whitish-yellow pus-filled abscess forms, it may require drainage and antibiotics.
Onycholysis is a condition where your nail separates from its nail bed. This can be caused due to injuries, reactivity to nail polish chemicals, fungal infections, medications, and nail psoriasis. Onycholysis occurs due to iron deficiency or hyperthyroidism. Symptoms include nails peeling away from nail beds, tough nail beds, discolouration in your nail beds, dents on your nail, haemorrhages under your nails, and crumbling in the nails. They can be treated using oral antifungal medication and topical antifungal medications. Consult a dermatologist in Noida to get a proper treatment plan for your condition.
Acral Lentiginous Melanoma
Acral lentiginous melanoma is a type of melanoma that may arise on your fingernails or toenails. It is a sign of cancer and should be immediately checked out by a dermatologist. It appears as a dark streak on your nails. Not all dark streaks on nails will lead to cancer diagnosis. However, early detection of cancer is necessary. Therefore, contact a dermatologist in Noida if you see a dark streak on your nail not caused by an injury.
It is an autoimmune condition that results in pitting (little dents on nails that look like they were made from toothpicks), discoloration, and changes in your fingernails and toenails. Some treatment options for nail psoriasis are corticosteroids, medicine injections, oral medicines, phototherapy, and laser therapy. Talk to a dermatologist in Noida to see what treatment is best suitable for you based on your symptoms. Furthermore, you can book a doctor online for a consultation.
Yellow Nail Syndrome
Yellow nail syndrome is not just staining of the nails. It could be a complex condition if your nails thicken, turn yellow, and look like they have stopped growing. For instance, lung disease, severe nail infection, and rheumatoid arthritis cause yellow nails. Some other changes you may notice are fluid build-up and swelling in your legs. Further, you may notice respiratory symptoms like fluid build-up in the lungs, chronic cough, sinusitis, and pneumonia. Treatment for yellow-nail syndrome includes vitamin E supplements, corticosteroids, and antibiotics. But first, you can need a consultation with a dermatologist in Noida.
They are groves of dents that run horizontally across your fingernails or toenails. They can affect some of your nails, like big thumbs, toes, or all your nails. These groves may appear if your nail stops growing for a while. Beau’s lines could be caused due to fever, chemotherapy, injury, or stress. Unfortunately, there is no treatment for beau’s lines. However, your dermatologist can treat the underlying condition. For instance, if you have diabetes, you can control your blood sugar levels to prevent beau’s lines.
Onychogryphosis, also known as ram’s horn nails. In this condition, the nails thicken and overgrows. Some people develop this condition because it runs in their family. However, it may also develop due to other conditions like psoriasis, circulation problems, and ichthyosis. Talk to a dermatologist in Noida to discuss treatment options for your condition.
It is indented nails, soft nails that develop a spoon shape dent in them. It starts with a flattened nail, and then a dent forms that is big enough to hold a drop of water. Iron deficiency can be a factor in developing koilonychia. However, it can be treated using iron supplements and consuming iron-rich food.
In conclusion, you have read about some nail diseases, their appearance, and their symptoms. They could be associated with an underlying condition. If you are experiencing any such conditions and facing these symptoms, it will be a good idea to contact a dermatologist to check them out. You can use Bajaj Finserv Health to book a doctor online for an appointment with a News dermatologist in Noida.