Swimming is a fascinating and complex matter. Selecting and using the right handles for rescue and transport often decide whether a life can be saved.

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But a rescue operation can also take place without physical contact: that is, by the fact that the lifeguard helps the swimmer in distress, calms him down and gives him moral support. Read about lifeguard rescue techniques and learn about lifeguard training.


Rescue is all Rescue measures for people who need water or in water . Both swimming and non-swimming activities are used.

Physical fitness as well as theoretical and practical knowledge of assistance are important requirements. Lifeguards or, professionally, water rescuers have such skills. Read the lifeguard certification near me that give you information about the American Lifeguard Association.

Jump and swim

First, the lifeguard must enter the water. The safest way is the first choice. If it is not possible to climb, you must choose a low-risk jump.

There are different jumping techniques that a lifeguard is trained in. One of these is the safety jump, which is performed especially in murky waters.

Lifeguards training run on the beach or in shallow areas of the shore until the water is deep enough for swimming. Small waves are skipped over; the large ones are used for diving.

When you swim towards it, this is usually the case of Free Swimming applied. It is important to always remain in the prone position to keep the victim in view.

Swimming transport

The best-known lifeguard variant is the so-called transport swim. It is performed in two variants, namely while pulling and pushing while swimming . Both variations are often taught as rescue techniques in swimming lessons in schools.

They are suitable for rescuing a swimmer in distress who accepts help and does not panic. In both variants, the swimmer to be carried is on his back.

Pushing swimming

Forced swimming requires awareness and being able to still keep your head above the surface of the water. The lifeguard grabs the person to be transported by the back shoulders and pushes them through the water in front of them, feet first.

Swimming with the train

If the person to be transported is no longer conscious or is already in a very reduced state, swimming into a train is a suitable means of transport. Here, the lifeguard grabs the person to be transported with a special rescue handle, either by the shoulders or the upper body, and swims back with it, whereby the lifeguard gets under the person to be rescued. With this technique, the lifeguard training has the opportunity to keep the victim’s head above water so that they can breathe.

Other transport and towing techniques

In addition to push and pull, several other techniques are used. These include:

  • transport with two rescuers, in which the Flo or Pod Technique is applied
  • standard tow handle
  • head pull handle
  • handle for forehead and neck
  • armpit pull handle
  • chest-shoulder pull handle
  • chain handle
  • sailor’s handcuff handle

Rescue techniques with swimming aids

Simpler rescue techniques can be done with swimming aids. These can be, for example

  • a life tire
  • a ball
  • a swimming board or
  • a buoy

act that are attached to a rope. Depending on the situation, the rescue may be from the respective land . For example, when a swimmer in a pool gets into trouble. The buoyancy aid can be dropped here if it is still in good condition.

It comes from a salvage boat , buoy or special ball are best for throwing. The swimmer in distress can be rescued with the recovery rope.

In an open water rescue Buoys, ropes and buoyancy aids are often used to secure the lifeguard himself. If the person in distress is still able to swim, they can be supported by floats.

Advantages and disadvantages of leashed and off-leash rescue routes

The quintessential lifebuoy in water accidents is still the lifebuoy. It comes in two forms: with or without a leash. Both options have advantages and disadvantages, which depend on the rescuer and the place of use.

Advantages and disadvantages of the leash rescue route

The biggest advantage of the leash rescuer is ease of use. The line serves as a guide.

This means that the ring can be evacuated several times if necessary and also reattached very easily . For this reason, leash rings are said to be ready for use very quickly. In fact, it means you can quickly reach the victim who needs to be rescued.

However, the use of a rescue column with a leash also has a decisive disadvantage: The operating range is very limited and corresponds at most to the length of the line. Distant victims cannot be saved this way.

The advantages and disadvantages of the off-leash lifeline

This disadvantage of the leash ring is the great advantage of the leash less ring. And he can throw you away. In addition, such lifebuoys are available almost everywhere and do not pose a risk to the rescuer if, for example, the victim pulls too hard on the leash in his panic.

The main disadvantage of the rescuer without a leash is its difficult handling . Every throw must be right.

If the ring is thrown at a distant victim but misses it by a wide margin, this can have fatal consequences. For this reason, you need a lot of practice in handling the rescue device correctly.

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