6 Typical Gynaecology Procedures and Surgeries

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It is common that you go for gynaecological health evaluation and you are recommended to further procedures. There are millions of women who need to deal with gynaecological surgery or procedure every year like vagina, cervix, ovaries and uterus. Here in this blog, we have compiled 6 most preferable gynaecology procedures and surgeries.

  1. Cervical cryosurgery

    Sometimes, Pap smear detects the presence of abnormal cervical cells. But it never means cancer always. However, gynaecologist wants confirmation with some follow-up procedures and tests.

    Mostly they recommend is cervical cryosurgery. Also known as cryotherapy, this efficient gynaecology treatment refers to freezing of a cervical section. If the abnormal cervical cells are cancerous then they can result in cancer. So, this procedure destroys such precancerous cells so that it doesn’t turn into cancer. Often gynaecologist terms this condition as cervical dysplasia.
  2. Colposcopy

    Colposcopy is a non-surgical procedure that looks at vulva, vagina and cervix with more depth. When a person gets abnormal Pap smear, gynaecologist recommends colposcopy. In this procedure, healthcare provider makes use of colposcope. If they find any area suspicious then they will collect the sample and send it to lab for further analysis.
  3. Dilation and Curettage (D&C)

    This is the most common gynaecological procedure and the healthcare provider removes the part of uterine lining using the sharp curette or suction device (mainly scraping device).

This helps in diagnosing several uterine conditions like:

  • Endometrial hyperplasia (thick abnormal uterine lining)
  • Uterine polyps (tissue overgrowth in uterine lining)
  • Uterine cancer

Additionally, D&C is helpful for retaining placenta (if it doesn’t come out post childbirth), molar pregnancy, miscarriage and abortion procedures.

  1. Hysteroscopy

This procedure assists the healthcare provider to diagnose and treat a wide range of uterine problems. It is helpful for:

  • Determining the cause of repetitive miscarriage
  • Locating the intrauterine device
  • Removing scar tissue or adhesions

At the time of procedure, gynaecologist makes use of hysteroscope, a light, thin and telescope-like device into the uterus through vagina. It collects pictures of the uterus and sends it to the screen for further analysis and exam.  

  1. LEEP procedure

    When a Pap smear finds out abnormal cervical cells, doctor will recommend LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure). In this procedure, a thin loop of electrically-charged wire helps to remove abnormal tissue. Although the process is quite fast yet doctor administers local anaesthesia before performing it.
  2. Pelvic laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is the surgical process that can be performed under general anaesthesia. However, doctor can perform it with other anaesthesia as well by keeping you awake. This is essential for:

  • Treatment of uterine fibroids and endometriosis
  • Hernia repair
  • Gallbladder removal
  • Tubal ligation (fallopian tubes tying as permanent birth control method)

Any pelvic laparoscopy needs a small incision about (1/2-3/4 inches) in lower abdomen or belly button. Then the surgeon will pump out carbon dioxide into the abdomen as it helps in obtaining clear picture of the organs.

On the basis of the condition, gynaecologist can also:

  • Remove the ovaries
  • Repair the uterus
  • Remove your scar tissue
  • Collect specimens of tissue


All of the above-mentioned procedures comprise of regular gynaecology procedures. These give the healthcare providers a better view and clear picture of the vagina, cervix and uterus. Even gynaecologist can easily collect samples to carry out biopsy. On the basis of diagnosis, they will treat your conditions.  

In case you have any query about any procedure then consult with the gynaecologist or healthcare provider. By this way, you can have enough knowledge about your condition and the entire private gynaecology treatment procedure. If you are expecting a baby then share about it first to the gynaecologist. They will perform the tests accordingly.

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